This used for appointees who engage in independent research equivalent to that required for the Professor series and not for appointees whose duties are limited to making significant and creative contributions to a research project or to providing technical assistance to a research
BASELINE STUDIES/ SURVEYS. Baseline surveys are an important part of any M&E process. This discussion, takes a look at the definition of a baseline study, its importance, when to conduct one and alternatives when there is no baseline. It also includes other considerations to make when conducting a baseline study
the action or activity of gathering information about consumers' needs and preferences. the company have just completed market research on a new type of organic toothpaste
Audience research is defined as any communication research that is conducted onspecific audience segments to gather information about their attitudes, knowledge,interests, preferences, or behaviours with respect to prevention issues.
Marketing research technique applied to canvassing public opinion on specific political, social, or other issues. Frequently used in forecasting election results, opinion pollsters take survey of the views of randomly chosen samples of the population and draw statistical results.
Situation analysis refers to a collection of methods that managers use to analyze an organization's internal and external environment to understand the organization's capabilities, customers, and business environment.
A good working definition of academic research and writing can be given as follows: investigation and writing based upon the idea of scientific inquiry. A reader may at this point wonder if this definition sheds any light on the subject.
Technical editing is the editing of scientific, engineering, medical, or other complex documents for both language and content issues.
Proofreading is a critical part of the writing process that involves English experts scrutinizing a written document in order to identify and rectify grammar, punctuation, spelling and vocabulary errors. Good writing always involves modification and revision, and proofreading is a fundamental part of this process. People need proofreaders in order to be sure that their work does not contain any mistakes.
Reviewers play a central role in scholarly publishing. Peer review helps validate research, establish a method by which it can be evaluated, and increase networking possibilities within research communities. Despite criticisms, peer review is still the only widely accepted method for research validation.
Image result for define Type setting Typesetting is the composition of text by means of arranging physical types or the digital equivalents. Stored letters and other symbols (called sorts in mechanical systems and glyphs in digital systems) are retrieved and ordered according to a language's orthography for visual display
In telecommunications, computing, and information architecture, a data bank or databank is a repository of information on one or more subjects – a database – that is organized in a way that facilitates local or remote information retrieval and is able to processes a large number of continual queries over a long period
Data collection is the process of gathering and measuring information on targeted variables in an established systematic fashion, which then enables one to answer relevant questions and evaluate outcomes.
Data analysis is a process of inspecting, cleansing, transforming, and modeling data with the goal of discovering useful information, suggesting conclusions, and supporting decision-making.
A report or account is an informational work, such as writing, speech, television or film, made with the intention of relaying information or recounting events in a presentable form
A literature review is an evaluative report of information found in the literature related to your selected area of study. The review should describe, summarise, evaluate and clarify this literature
This is a concise, exact statement of a project to set the boundaries or limits of work to be performed by the project. It is a formal document that gives a distinctive identity of the project and precise meaning of project work to prevent conflict, confusion, or overlap.
The ability to invent or formulate an idea or concept. The conceptualization phase of a project occurs in the initial design activity when the scope of the project is drafted and a list of the desired design features and requirements is created.
Project implementation (or project execution) is the phase where visions and plans become reality. This is the logical conclusion, after evaluating, deciding, visioning, planning, applying for funds and finding the financial resources of a project. Technical implementation is one part of executing a project.
A Project Budget is the total amount of authorized financial resources allocated for the particular purpose(s) of the sponsored project for a specific period of time. It is the primary financial document that constitutes the necessary funds for implementing the project and producing the deliverables.